Not surprisingly provided its rich history and size, Cuba has the most UNESCO Heritage websites of any of the Caribbean islands. The wealthy heritage of the Spanish settlers and the organic beauty of the island have not escaped discover. The island now has nine web sites listed on UNESCOâ??s Heritage list with an additional 3 pending inclusion.
Cubaâ??s nine UNESCO Heritage Web sites are:
Alejandro de Humboldt National Park
(added to the UNESCO Globe Heritage List in 2001)
This national park got its name from the German scientist, Alexander von Humboldt. The Park was added to the UNESCO list due in component to it becoming residence to numerous plants and animals that can only be found in Cuba. Also of note is the sheer size of the location, 274.7 sq miles. A single unique feature of the Park is the reality that plant life has adapted and thrives there regardless of the fact that some of the rocks are actually toxic to vegetation.
Archaeological Landscape of the 1st Coffee Plantations in the South-East of Cuba
(added to the UNESCO Globe Heritage List in 2000)
The Sierra Maestra foothills in eastern Cuba has the remains of 19th and 20th century coffee plantations. These act as a history lesson on the development of this variety of agriculture in Cuba and the Caribbean.
Old Havana & Its Fortifications
(added to the UNESCO Globe Heritage List in 1982)
Havana, Cubaâ??s capital is a exceptional picture of Baroque and neoclassical remains from its lengthy history. Founded in 1519, Havana nonetheless has considerably of the old charm and buildings which are a testament to its past. Numerous of the houses nonetheless have wrought-iron gates, balconies and internal courtyards.
Trinidad & the Valley de los Ingenious
(added to the UNESCO Globe Heritage List in 1988)
Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenious (interpreted as wrought iron gates Valley of the Sugar Mills) are combined as one website on the UNESCO list. Trinidad was named to honor the Holy Trinity. Nowadays, buildings produced in the 18th and 19th century nevertheless stands. Most notable are the Palacio Brunet and the Palacio Cantero. The Valley is genuinely a series of 3 valleys, namely, San Luis, Santa Rosa and Meyer. Numerous of the sugar mills are in ruins but some structures still stand, such as the barracones (slave quarters) and tower. This website is a testament to the days when sugar was king.
San Pedro de la Roca Castle, Santiago de Cuba
(added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1997)
This site is among the very best examples of Italian and Renaissance design of military engineering in the globe. They are also unique in that the fortifications had been specially adapted to suit the landscape of the Cuban terrain.
Desembarco del Granma National Park
(added to the UNESCO Globe Heritage List in 1999)
UNESCOâ??s explanation for adding this site is that its, â??ongoing development of karst topography and attributes, represent a globally substantial example of geomorphologic and physiographic featuresâ?¦â? The area depicts the continued development of geological processes.
Integrated as component of the park are the Cabo Cruz marine terraces, and a variety of species of birds, reptiles and mammals with many being endemic to Cuba. Added to this is the historical significance of the area. The region has links to the islandâ??s very first inhabitants, the Taina. A 19th century lighthouse, practically intact, can be noticed in the location as nicely.
Historic Centre of CamagÃ¼ey
(added to the UNESCO Planet Heritage List in 2008)
The city is unusual with its numerous winding roadways, blind alleys and single exit which had been built as a defense against attacks. This maze-like design was particularly essential simply because of wrought iron gates the several raids by pirates. It is this architectural style of the city, a single of the seven built by the Spanish settlers that has led to its listing. There are various influences that can be noticed in CamagÃ¼ey, such as Art Deco, Art Noveau, and neo-colonialism.
Sadly, just one month after it was listed on the UNESCO list, the Historic Centre of CamagÃ¼ey was badly damaged by Hurricane Ike in September 2008. Some of the rooftop sculptures on the old buildings were destroyed.
Urban Historic Centre of Cienfuegos
(added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2005)
Established in 1819, the town was first settled by French immigrants just before becoming a city in 1829. Cienfuegos when translated signifies â??Hundred Firesâ??. The city was placed on the UNESCO Heritage list as an instance of urban arranging based on 19th century Spanish Enlightenment. In truth UNESCO refers to the area as â??the first and an outstanding instance of an architectural ensembleâ?¦â? Some popular landmarks are:
la Purisma Conception which was constructed from 1833-1869.
ome to sea lions and dolphins)
bÃ¡ Pantheon, a museum dedicated to the fusion of African & Catholic religious beliefs.
alace or City Hall
(added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1999)
The ViÃ±ales Valley is where the centuries old classic method of tobacco farming can nevertheless be noticed nowadays. Added to the old farming methods, there are remains the architecture, music and craftsmanship of a bygone era. In brief, time appears to have stood nevertheless below the outcroppings of the karst landscape.
Interestingly, Cuba has yet another 3 internet sites up for consideration for the UNESCO World Heritage List. These internet sites are the:
ga de Zapata National Park
ools of Art, CubanacÃ¡n
in the Cuban Caribbean
The other UNESCO Heritage Sites in the Caribbean can be read about in Element 1 and Part 3.
wrought iron gates